Lithium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO3. It is the lithium salt of nitric acid. The salt is deliquescent, absorbing water to form the hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate. Its eutectics are of interest for heat transfer fluids.
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This deliquescent colourless salt is an oxidizing agent used in the manufacture of red-colored fireworks and flares. The hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate, has an extremely high specific heat of fusion, 287 (± 7) J/g, and hence can be used for thermal energy storage at its melt temperature of 303.3 K.
Appearance Form: crystalline Colour: colourless
Formula : LiNO3
Molecular weight : 68.95 g/mol
pH 6 – 9 at 25 °C
Melting point/range: 264 °C – lit.
Relative density 2.38 g/cm3
Water solubility 522 g/l at 20 °C
Hazard Class: 5.1
Packing Group: 3
Hazard Phrazes: May intensify fire; oxidiser. Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye irritation.
Prec Phrazes: IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Keep/Store away from clothing/ Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
HS CODE: 28342990
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