Pentane is an organic compound with the formula C5H12, that is an alkane with five carbon atoms. The term may refer to any of three structural isomers, or to a mixture of them: in the IUPAC nomenclature, however, pentane means exclusively the n-pentane isomer; the other two being called isopentane (methylbutane) and neopentane (dimethylpropane). Cyclopentane is not an isomer of pentane.
Pentanes are components of some fuels and are employed as specialty solvents in the laboratory. Their properties are very similar to those of butanes and hexanes.
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Molecular Formula: C5H12
Molecular Weight: 72.15 g/mol
Density: 0.632 Kg/L
Flash Point: -40°C
Hazard Class: 3
Packing Group: 2
Hazard Phrases: Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Prec Phrases: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid release to the environment. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Do NOT induce vomiting.
Cas No: 109-66-0
Einecs No: 203-692-4
HS CODE: 290110000
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